July Meeting and Newsletter

July 19th, 2010 – Our 16th Meeting!!

The next meeting of the Nashville (TN) Civil War Roundtable will be on Monday, July 19th, 2010, in the visitor’s center of Ft. Negley Park, a unit of Metro Parks, Nashville, TN. This is located off I-65 just south of downtown between 4th Avenue South and 8th Avenue South on Edgehill Avenue/Chestnut Avenue. Take Exit 81, Wedgewood Avenue, off I-65 and follow the signs to the Science Museum. The meeting begins at 7:00 PM and is always open to the public. Members please bring a friend or two – new recruits are always welcomed.


“McCook’s Dutchmen: The 9th Ohio Infantry”

Twenty-five per cent of the Union Army’s troops were born outside of the United States. Of these, some 200,000 were German natives from the various states (Germany as a single
nation did not exist before 1870). A number of these immigrants came over after the revolutions of 1848 and, after establishing themselves in cities like St. Louis, Philadelphia and
Cincinnati, these men, with the coming of war in 1861, stepped up to defend their adopted nation. About 36,000 Germans fought in ethnic German regiments, such as the 9th Ohio
Infantry. The remainder served in mixed regiments with soldiers of other ethnic backgrounds. While the Irish get more publicity, there were more Germans in the Civil War than any
other immigrant ethnic group.

Of the 30 or so German regiments, one of the best known is the 9th Ohio of Cincinnati. “Die Neuner,” as they were called, was somewhat different than other German regiments due
to its urban background, language of command, pre-war occupations of its ranks and previous military service of many of its ranks. Also interesting was the fact that its first colonel,
Robert McCook, was of Scots-Irish ancestry! “McCook’s Dutchmen,” also known as the “Dutch Devils,” fought from Mill Springs through the Atlanta Campaign.

The program for this month will be based on speaker Joseph Reinhart’s new book, A German Hurrah! Civil War Letters of Friedrich and Wilhelm Stangel, 9th Ohio Infantry, which was
just released last week by Kent State University Press. Mr. Reinhart, a member of the Louisville, Kentucky Civil War Roundtable, is a noted expert on Kentucky’s Union regiments as
well as Germans in the Union Army. He is the author or editor of a number of books on both topics. Mr. Reinhart is a graduate of Bellarmine College and Indiana University.

Please join us for an informative program on the 9th Ohio Infantry by a national expert, Joseph Reinhart.


Jim Lewis, ranger from Stones River National Battlefield, presented a detailed and informative program on the often over-looked cavalry operations in the Stones River campaign of late December, 1862/early January, 1863. More often than not, the histories of this battle trend towards the infantry fighting which was brutal and yielded the highest level of casualties in the battle. But the cavalry also played a role, from Wheeler’s raid on Gen. Rosecrans’ logistics to the tactical use of Confederate cavalry in the opening attack. These troopers drove Zahm’s Union cavalry brigade from the field and moved into Rosey’s rear area.

If you are looking for a fine program on a little covered topic you would be hard pressed to find one better than this one from Jim Lewis. Thanks Jim!

FUTURE PROGRAMS (please check our new web site for other events):

August, 2010 – Tom Parsons, Corinth National Battlefield – “The Battles For Corinth”
September 2010 – Greg Biggs, author/historian – “The Atlanta Campaign, Part 2 – The Chattahoochee To Jonesboro”
October 2010 – Gail Stephens, author/historian, Baltimore, MD. – “Gen. Lew Wallace” (Based on her upcoming biography)
November, 2010 – Dr. William Glenn Robertson, US Army Combat Studies Institute, Ft. Leavenworth, KS – “A Tale Of Two Orders in the Battle of Chickamauga”
December, 2010 – John Marler, Battle of Franklin Trust/former Petersburg NBF – “The Petersburg Campaign.”

January, 2011 – Ross Hudgins, Nashville CWRT – “The Civil War of Nashville’s Maggie Vaulx, April, 1861-March, 1862”

MEMBERS AND DUES – The membership has decided that every May will be our fiscal year. As decided by the membership, the annual dues structure for the Nashville CWRT is as follows:

Single membership – $20
Family – $30
Military – Active duty and Veterans – $15
Military Family – Active duty and Veterans – $25
Student – $10
Senior (age 60 plus) – $15
Senior couple – $20

Thanks to all of you who have paid their dues. When your dues are paid your name badge will be available at the following meeting. Our dues go to paying for speakers as well as donations for Civil War preservation causes especially those of a local nature. Please be sure to pay your dues so we can offer the best programs possible for you!

We also utilize donated items for silent auctions each month to help add to the treasury. If you have something you would like to donate for these auctions, please bring them to the meetings. Books, art, or anything Civil War, works very well. Thanks very much to all of you who have made such donations!

*****DUES ARE DUE AT THIS MEETING SO PLEASE BE PREPARED TO TAKE CARE OF THEM AT THIS TIME!!! Your dues money goes to support the Nashville CWRT and helps to cover our speaker costs; we have no programs without our speakers folks! The proceeds from the book sales also go into our treasury so please support your CWRT by buying some books at the meetings.*****


State Achivists to Appear at Historic Ft. Negley, July 16th, 2010 in Search of Civil War Memorablia

Representatives from the Tennessee State Library and Archives will be in Nashville on July 16 to record and digitize Civil War memorabilia owned by local residents for a new exhibit. Archivists will be at Fort Negley, 1100 Fort Negley Blvd., from 9 a.m. until 3 p.m. that day. During that time, they invite area residents to bring in photographs, documents and other artifacts related to the Civil War.

Individuals may call (615) 253-3470 or e-mail civilwar.tsla@tn.gov to schedule a reservation with the archivists. Reservation forms and available times may be found on the State Library and Archives’ section of the Department of State web site at http://tn.gov/tsla/cwtn/events.htm. The archivists will scan or take digital photographs of the materials, some of which will be featured in an upcoming exhibit titled, “Looking Back: The Civil War in Tennessee.” The archivists will not actually take possession of the items from their owners. Also attending will be experts from the Tennessee State Museum.

Your editor participated in this event in Clarksville in June and saw some pretty amazing items being brought in for documentation. Over 50 people shared their heirlooms and items. This is a fantastic way to share your historical items with the rest of the people of Tennessee. Please do call and make an appointment with TSLA before you attend.

2010 Southern Civilian Conference – Belmont Mansion, Nashville, Tennessee – August 20-22

The next Southern Civilian conference is set for Friday-Sunday, August 20-22nd, 2010 for Belmont Mansion in Nashville, Tennessee. These three days are for Civil War historians and civilian re-enactors and are filled with seminars and workshops to help educate you on your impression or just to learn about life during this era.

The event begins Friday morning at 8 am and concludes that evening with a reception at Belmont Mansion complete with period music and a one-act play on Sam Davis and Mary Patterson. Saturday features 6 seminars and Sunday offers two more. All of the details can be obtained by email to Linda Massey at MasseyLA@aol.com. You can also write for details to LSFS Conference, 7465 Indian Creek Road, Nashville, TN 37209. If you register by August 1st the event is only $145; after that it rises to $175. There are student discounts and fees for single events. Period vendors will be in attendance.

Speakers include Janet Hasson (retired Belle Meade curator), Thomas Flagel (Columbia State University), Jennifer Lamb (Belle Meade), Al Nippert, Mark Brown (Belmont Mansion), Barbara Sullivan (Grassmere Historic Farm) and Karel Lea Biggs (Nashville and Clarksville CWRTs). Workshop instructors include Mary Canavan (Victorian Christmas decorations), Pat Bridges (Theorem painting), Chrissy Davis (period dance) and Chris Roberts (Gourmet campfire cooking). The workshops have extra but nominal fees.

This ongoing conference is sponsored by the Ladies Soldiers’ Friend Society and Belmont Mansion. We hope you support this wonderful event!

Civil War Trail Markers to Be Unveiled Today by Matt Lakin, Knoxville News Sentinel and the CWPT newsletter

The battle ended in 20 minutes, the war a year and a half later. The legacy endures today – even though the battlefield’s long gone. Two new markers will commemorate the site of Knoxville’s defining Civil War battle and one of the city’s few surviving forts from that era. The Civil War Trails markers, set to be unveiled today, commemorate the Battle of Fort Sanders near what’s now the University of Tennessee campus and Fort Dickerson off Chapman Highway in South Knoxville.

Preservationists hope to see more such markers planted around the county and the state in time for the war’s 150th anniversary next year and an expected tourism boom. About 200 markers now dot Tennessee, part of a nationwide network of Civil War historic sites. “It’s an indication that there is an interest, and it’s a reminder to people who are in the area,” said Steve Dean, president of the East Tennessee Civil War Alliance, which works to promote the region’s heritage. “It’s a great first step, and there’s still a lot more to be done.”

The Nov. 29, 1863, battle at Fort Sanders, named for fallen Union Gen. William Sanders, marked the end of the Confederacy’s failed attempt to recapture Knoxville from Union forces. The marker will stand in the parking lot of the Church of the Redeemer on 17th Street, near the spot where historians believe Fort Sanders’ northwest bastion stood before it fell to suburban development in the 1920s. Fort Dickerson and 15 other earthworks ringed Knoxville during the Confederate siege, holding off cavalry raids and other attacks. Its marker will stand in the park that bears the fort’s name.

The signs bring Knox County’s total of Civil War Trails markers in Knoxville to five so far, Dean said. Other markers already stand at Old Gray Cemetery on Broadway, resting place of various local Union and Confederate leaders; Bleak House on Kingston Pike, which served as headquarters for Confederate Gen. James Longstreet during the 1863 Siege of Knoxville; and the Farragut Folklife Museum off Campbell Station Road, near the site of the 1863 Battle of Campbell’s Station.

Civil War Group Zeroes in on Next Project – By Kevin Walters, Nashville Tennessean and CWPT newsletter

Months of negotiations. Commitments of more than $590,000 in grant money. Cooperation among strangers spread across three states. Creating a new Battle of Franklin park hasn’t been simple or cheap. Yet the seemingly disparate pieces of Franklin’s next major battlefield park appear to be slowly fitting together.

Franklin’s Charge, a local nonprofit battlefield preservation group, is closer to its goal of buying its next piece of property — the house and land at 111 Cleburne St. Nearby, they’re continuing to make inroads on buying the Domino’s Pizza restaurant at 1225 Columbia Ave. as well as adjacent retail property. The land is near the Carter House historic site. “It’s ongoing,” said Ernie Bacon, Franklin’s Charge president, describing the negotiations for the commercial property. “It is clearly an active process.”

The sites of the houses and pizza place have national historical importance. They are on the location where Union and Confederate troops blasted each other in close quarters on Nov. 30, 1864, near a former cotton gin. The Battle of Franklin claimed thousands of lives and limbs before it ended in just a few hours’ time. Commemorating the land’s importance is what principals say is unifying them in the hopes of creating a battlefield park in time for the 150th anniversary of the Civil War.

“One would like to think that the Battle of Franklin was more important than pizza,” said Paul Hawke, chief of the Washington, D.C.-based American Battlefield Protection Program. “If you can restore the scene (of the battle) you can at least commemorate what happened there.”

If Franklin’s Charge can complete the purchases, it would represent a major step in Franklin’s years-long effort to add more open space in a city where much of its Civil War past was once thought lost. The momentum to create a Columbia Avenue battlefield park dates back to 2005. That’s when the city of Franklin spent $300,000 to buy a Pizza Hut restaurant at 1259 Columbia Ave. Eventually, the city converted the roughly quarter of an acre into a small park. Since then, plans for the park have expanded. “Our goal is to have that property restored to a battlefield park and a replica of the cotton gin built in time or ahead of the sesquicentennial in 2014,” Bacon said.

Sarah Faye Fudge, 64, grew up in the stone house at 111 Cleburne St. owned by her parents, Jamie and Celia Locke, both of whom are deceased. Fudge, who now lives in Katy, Texas, remembers her father tilling his garden and taking scores of old bullets — minié balls — from the soil. He kept the bullets for her friends. Fudge plans to sell the house and land to Franklin’s Charge for $199,000. To help pay for the purchase, Franklin’s Charge is set to get a $99,500 national grant from the battlefield protection program.

In May, Franklin aldermen agreed to be the pass-through entity to receive grants to help Franklin’s Charge make its purchases. In addition to money for the Fudge House, the group is also slated to get a $492,000 grant to help recoup costs of buying the Holt House in 2008 for $950,000. “I would say it’s highly likely, but I can’t guarantee it yet,” Hawke said. “Until it’s signed, sealed and delivered, anything can happen.” Bacon estimated the Locke house sale to close within the next 60 to 90 days. And he said Franklin’s Charge plans to relocate the Locke house and the Holt House rather than have them demolished.

The next piece of the project — or slice — is next door at the Domino’s Pizza restaurant and the adjacent retail property. If the Domino’s restaurant is eventually sold to Franklin’s Charge by owner and developer Don Cameron, it would be the second pizza restaurant to be bought as part of Franklin’s push to recapture the land. Cameron would say little about the possible sale of the land, referring questions to Bacon. The properties from 1221 to 1225 Columbia Ave. have a total market appraisal value of $500,300, county records show.

Cameron, who has longtime ties to Franklin, said the businesses would not close but would be relocated to property he owns on Downs Boulevard. “We would never run people out like that,” Cameron said. “My family built the first home in Franklin,” he said, referring to the home Ewing Cameron built on Second Avenue in the 1700s.

Cell Towers Put Georgia Battlefields “at Risk” – by Andy Johns, Chattanooga Free Press and the CWPT newsletter

The Civil War Preservation Trust has named two Northwest Georgia battlefields in their 15 “at risk” sites. The national group said the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park and the Resaca Battlefield are at risk, but for different reasons. Chickamauga “is beset by proposals for cellular communications towers” and Resaca is still struggling to secure funding and move forward with an interpretive center, the group said.

“The cell towers were used as just two examples, but there are other potential things,” said Jim Ogden, historian for the Chickamauga park. “Just being in this half-million metropolitan area, there are plenty of places where construction … may impact some part of the battlefield or the visitors’ understanding.” The Civil War Trust specifically mentions a plan for cell towers on Missionary Ridge and near McLemore’s Cove, a hollow between Lookout and Pigeon Mountains west of LaFayette, Ga.

In addition to the at-risk sites, the group listed 10 “most endangered” battlefields where there are more severe threats. The most endangered spots are threatened by wind turbines, mining, casinos, a Walmart and other development. Charlie Crawford, president of the Georgia Battlefields Association, said that, even without cell towers and construction, all the parks are in danger due to state cutback in staffing. “No battlefield, no matter how old it is, is getting the care it needs and it deserves,” he said.


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